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    Cryo-EM of human Arp2/3 complexes provides structural insights into actin nucleation modulation by ARPC5 isoforms

    von Loeffelholz, O. and Purkiss, A. and Cao, L. and Kjaer, S. and Kogata, N. and Romet-Lemonne, G. and Way, M. and Moores, Carolyn A. (2020) Cryo-EM of human Arp2/3 complexes provides structural insights into actin nucleation modulation by ARPC5 isoforms. Biology Open , bio.054304. ISSN 2046-6390.

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    Abstract

    The Arp2/3 complex regulates many cellular processes by stimulating formation of branched actin filament networks. Because three of its seven subunits exist as two different isoforms, mammals produce a family of Arp2/3 complexes with different properties that may be suited to different physiological contexts. To shed light on how isoform diversification affects Arp2/3 function, we determined a 4.2 Å resolution cryo-EM structure of the most active human Arp2/3 complex containing ARPC1B and ARPC5L, and compared it with the structure of the least active ARPC1A-ARPC5-containing complex. The architecture of each isoform-specific Arp2/3 complex is the same. Strikingly, however, the N-terminal half of ARPC5L is partially disordered compared to ARPC5, suggesting that this region of ARPC5/ARPC5L is an important determinant of complex activity. Confirming this idea, the nucleation activity of Arp2/3 complexes containing hybrid ARPC5/ARPC5L subunits is higher when the ARPC5L N-terminus is present, thereby providing insight into activity differences between the different Arp2/3 complexes.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Arp2/3, actin, cytoskeleton, cryo-EM, isoforms, nucleation
    School: School of Science > Biological Sciences
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 20 Jul 2020 10:52
    Last Modified: 27 Sep 2020 06:09
    URI: https://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/32598

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