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    Italian futurism and the development of English literary modernism, 1909-1915

    Jakeman, Robyn Sarah (2019) Italian futurism and the development of English literary modernism, 1909-1915. Doctoral thesis, Birkbeck, University of London.

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    Abstract

    This thesis considers the role of Italian Futurism in the development of English literary modernism between 1909 and 1915. It maps a set of complex and heterogeneous responses to the movement, involving both rejection and appropriation, in which attempts to experiment with English literature are undertaken in a bid to become ‘modern’. I argue that Futurism represented for many English modernists a profoundly relevant approach to a social and cultural crisis that had emerged in the late nineteenth century. In this sense, Futurism was less a movement to be officially joined than a methodology that was appropriated in order to subvert and develop finde-siècle cultural discourses. The thesis is divided into four chapters. Chapter one addresses Futurism’s inception in the internationalised space of cultural production of Europe before the First World War, and the movement’s emergence in England. It suggests that Futurism was frequently understood as a means of transforming social discourses of decline, cultural discourses of Decadence, and the relationship between art and the public. The second chapter explores Harold Monro’s interactions with F. T. Marinetti and his publication of Futurist poetry in Poetry and Drama, and considers how Monro transmitted Futurism to an English readership to suggest ways of developing Decadent and Symbolist poetry. Chapter three examines Wyndham Lewis’s use of Futurist strategies in Vorticism to negotiate the Aestheticist divide between art and life, but also shows how tensions between the two movements continue to manifest in Blast. The fourth chapter considers Mina Loy’s writings in the context of Futurist discourses and New Woman debates in Florence, demonstrating how she appropriated Futurist methods to inform her feminist thought and disrupt the basis on which gendered difference is predicated. I conclude the thesis by considering the implications of my work for the field of modernist studies.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Thesis
    Copyright Holders: The copyright of this thesis rests with the author, who asserts his/her right to be known as such according to the Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988. No dealing with the thesis contrary to the copyright or moral rights of the author is permitted.
    Depositing User: Acquisitions And Metadata
    Date Deposited: 28 Nov 2019 10:54
    Last Modified: 10 Jun 2021 01:52
    URI: https://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/40451

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