BIROn - Birkbeck Institutional Research Online

    A principal components approach to cross-section dependence in panels

    Coakley, Jerry and Fuertes, A.M. and Smith, Ron P. (2002) A principal components approach to cross-section dependence in panels. In: 10th International Conference on Panel Data, 2002, Berlin, Germany. (Unpublished)

    Full text not available from this repository.


    The use of GLS to deal with cross-section dependence in panels is not feasible where N is large relative to T since the disturbance covariance matrix is rank deficient. Neither is it the appropriate response if the dependence results from omitted global variables or common shocks correlated with the included regressors. These can be proxied by the principal components of the residuals from a baseline regression. It is shown that the OLS estimates from a regression augmented by these principal components are unbiased and consistent using sequential limits for large T, large N. Simulations show that this leads to a substantial reduction in bias even for relatively small T and N panels. An empirical application indicates that the impact of cross section dependence seems to strengthen the case for long run PPP.


    Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
    School: Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Business and Law > Birkbeck Business School
    Depositing User: Sarah Hall
    Date Deposited: 20 Oct 2020 18:19
    Last Modified: 02 Aug 2023 18:04


    Activity Overview
    6 month trend
    6 month trend

    Additional statistics are available via IRStats2.

    Archive Staff Only (login required)

    Edit/View Item Edit/View Item