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    Global factors, unemployment adjustment and the natural rate

    Smith, Ron P. and Zoega, Gylfi (2007) Global factors, unemployment adjustment and the natural rate. Working Paper. Kiel Institute for the World Economy.

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    Abstract

    OECD unemployment rates show long swings which dominate shorter business cycle components and these long swings show a range of common patterns. Using a panel of 21 OECD countries 1960-2002, we estimate the common factor that drives unemployment by the first principal component. This factor has a natural interpretation as a measure of global expected returns, which is given added plausibility by the fact that it is almost identical to the common factor driving investment shares. We estimate a model of unemployment adjustment, which allows for the influence both of the global factor and of labour market institutions and we examine whether the global factor can act as a proxy for the natural rate in a Phillips Curve. In 15 out of the 21 countries one cannot reject that the same natural rate, as a function of the global factor, appears in both the unemployment and inflation equations. In explaining both unemployment and inflation, the global factor is highly significant, suggesting that models which ignore the global dimension are likely to be deficient.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Monograph (Working Paper)
    Additional Information: Kiel Working Papers, number 1367
    School: School of Business, Economics & Informatics > Economics, Mathematics and Statistics
    Depositing User: Sarah Hall
    Date Deposited: 27 Oct 2020 15:38
    Last Modified: 06 Dec 2021 10:14
    URI: https://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/41077

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