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    Cultural influences on face scanning are consistent across infancy and adulthood

    Haensel, Jennifer X. and Ishikawa, M. and Itakura, S. and Smith, Tim J. and Senju, Atsushi (2020) Cultural influences on face scanning are consistent across infancy and adulthood. Infant Behavior and Development 61 , p. 101503. ISSN 0163-6383.

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    The emergence of cultural differences in face scanning is thought to be shaped by social experience. However, previous studies mainly investigated eye movements of adults and little is known about early development. The current study recorded eye movements of British and Japanese infants (aged 10 and 16 months) and adults, who were presented with static and dynamic faces on screen. Cultural differences were observed across all age groups, with British participants exhibiting more mouth scanning, and Japanese individuals showing increased central face (nose) scanning for dynamic stimuli. Age-related influences independent of culture were also revealed, with a shift from eye to mouth scanning between 10 and 16 months, while adults distributed their gaze more flexibly. Against our prediction, no age-related increases in cultural differences were observed, suggesting the possibility that cultural differences are largely manifest by 10 months of age. Overall, the findings suggest that individuals adopt visual strategies in line with their cultural background from early in infancy, pointing to the development of a highly adaptive face processing system that is shaped by early sociocultural experience.


    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): face perception, cultural differences, dynamic faces, eye tracking, face scanning, social development
    School: Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Science > School of Psychological Sciences
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 28 Oct 2020 17:26
    Last Modified: 02 Aug 2023 18:04


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