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    The influence of Holocene forest dynamics on the chironomid fauna of a boreal lake (Flocktjärn, northeast Sweden)

    Engels, Stefan (2021) The influence of Holocene forest dynamics on the chironomid fauna of a boreal lake (Flocktjärn, northeast Sweden). Boreas 50 (2), pp. 519-534. ISSN 0300-9483.

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    There is a notable lack of palaeoecological records, particularly quantitative palaeoenvironmental reconstructions, for northeast Sweden. Here I use a lake sediment record from lake Flocktjärn to reconstruct Holocene terrestrial vegetation change and lake ecosystem dynamics, and to study the relationship between these components of the environment. After a period in which the vegetation around the lake is characterised by boreal forest, thermophilous arboreal taxa such as Ulmus establish in the Flocktjärn area from 6000 cal. a BP onward. Picea becomes abundant from 2930 cal. a BP onward, in line with results from other records from the region. The chironomid fauna of the lake shows high turnover before 7700 cal. a BP, after which an assemblage dominated by taxa indicative of shallow, warm and relatively nutrient rich conditions establishes. A transition to chironomid taxa that are indicative of slightly lower temperatures and lower nutrient levels occurs at 5260 cal. a BP. A chironomid-inferred mean July air temperature record shows unreliable inferences for the record pre-dating 7700 cal. a BP, a Holocene Thermal Maximum with temperatures around 14 °C between 7700-5260 cal. a BP, and temperatures around 12.5 °C between 5260 cal. a BP and the present. A numerical comparison between upland vegetation change and chironomid faunal dynamics for the first time shows that either vegetation change directly impacted on the chironomid fauna of the lake, or alternatively an external factor impacted on both the terrestrial and the aquatic ecosystem, resulting in concurrent changes in both parts of the ecosystem. This novel evidence of ecosystem connectivity is of vital importance to landscape management, as ongoing climate and land use change is likely to lead to increased pressure on lake ecosystems.


    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: This is the peer reviewed version of the article, which has been published in final form at the link above. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
    School: Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences
    Depositing User: Stefan Engels
    Date Deposited: 23 Nov 2020 11:45
    Last Modified: 02 Aug 2023 18:05


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