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    Inequalities in transit accessibility: contributions from a comparative study between global south and north metropolitan regions

    Giannotti, M. and Barros, Joana and Tomasiello, D. and Smith, D. and Pizzol, B. and Santos, B. and Zhong, C. and Shen, Y. and Marques, E. and Batty, M. (2021) Inequalities in transit accessibility: contributions from a comparative study between global south and north metropolitan regions. Cities 109 (103016), ISSN 0264-2751.

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    Accessibility metrics have been increasingly employed as a tool to explore the social impacts of transport systems and policies. However, few empirical studies of accessibility involve comparisons between cities from countries with different levels of development, in particular, across the Global South and North. This paper attempts to bridge this gap by focusing on two very distinct, but similarly sized, large metropolitan regions: São Paulo and London, for which we develop comparative metrics. These metrics are used to identify patterns for different occupational groups (used as a proxy to socioeconomic groups) and discuss transit accessibility inequalities. The issues imposed by a comparative study of urban regions with distinct characteristics are discussed. The study applies the results of one metropolitan region to contrast with the other and explore how characteristics of each region's public transport system and spatial mismatch between residential and workplace locations are related to inequalities. Groups condition were represented in the Lorenz curve, revealing a new strategy to be adopted by comparability studies on inequalities. The results from Lorenz curve and Gini coefficient reveal larger transit accessibility inequalities in São Paulo than London. The proposed groups representation enriched the comparability perspective as a tool to support transport planning.


    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Inequalities, Accessibility, Comparability Studies, Lorenz Curve
    School: Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences
    Depositing User: Joana Barros
    Date Deposited: 23 Nov 2020 11:18
    Last Modified: 02 Aug 2023 18:05


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