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    The end of the Ottoman Empire and the emergence of nation states

    Anscombe, Frederick (2020) The end of the Ottoman Empire and the emergence of nation states. In: Salvatore, A. and Hanafi, S. and Obuse, K. (eds.) The Oxford Handbook of the Sociology of the Middle East. New York, U.S.: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780190087470. (In Press)

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    The chapter argues that the end of Ottoman rule marked a clear historical rupture in every part of the former empire except Anatolia. Turkey was the only state not created by the actions of Europe's Great Powers, although in Turkey as well the Powers exerted significant influence. Where the Powers shaped new states, they uprooted most of what was distinctively Ottoman: language, law, and government practice and personnel. They installed new elites, many without roots in the new country's society. Those elites promoted ethnic nationalism to legitimate both the new states and their claims to social, political and economic preeminence. The difficulties of nation-building explain much of the instability seen in the early 'nation-state' period. The chapter will illustrate the argument through three examples not commonly considered comparable: Greece, Iraq, and Turkey.


    Item Type: Book Section
    School: Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > School of Historical Studies
    Depositing User: Fred Anscombe
    Date Deposited: 18 Jan 2021 07:35
    Last Modified: 02 Aug 2023 18:06


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