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    Measuring changes in residential segregation in São Paulo in the 2000s

    Feitosa, F. and Barros, Joana and Marques, E. and Giannotti, M. (2021) Measuring changes in residential segregation in São Paulo in the 2000s. In: van Ham, M. and Tammaru, T. and Ubarevičienė, R. and Janssen, H. (eds.) Urban Socio-Economic Segregation and Income Inequality: A Global Perspective. The Urban Book Series. Springer. ISBN 9783030645694. (In Press)

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    Abstract

    Residential segregation is known as one of the most prevalent problems of Latin American and Brazilian cities. This chapter looks into the changes in segregation levels in the Metropolitan Region of São Paulo between 2000 and 2010. This period was marked by economic growth and decreasing social inequalities in Brazil with consequent improvement to the quality of life of lower income classes. Despite those improvements, general patterns of urban segregation in Brazilian cities showed remarkable stability, albeit with important changes in the details of segregation patterns. This chapter explores the spatial relationship between socio-occupational groups using isolation and exposure indices. The analysis confirmed a highly segregated distribution of social groups in the Metropolitan Region and revealed increased levels of segregation, with global indices figures for 2010 higher than for 2000. Analysis demonstrated that peripheral areas of the Metropolitan Region became more fragmented and heterogeneous in that period, and revealed that their increased heterogeneity is mainly composed by classes with close social proximity, rather than polarized ones. Results showed that while middle classes became more integrated amongst themselves and with lower classes, the separation between lower and upper classes was not only maintained but also increased during the period. All these findings suggest a reconfiguration of the concentric pattern of segregation that maintained a spatial structure of strong social isolation during the period, although with greater complexity.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Book Section
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Residential segregation patterns, Metropolitan region of São Paulo, Global and local indices of segregation
    School: School of Social Sciences, History and Philosophy > Department of Geography
    Depositing User: Joana Barros
    Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2021 11:23
    Last Modified: 14 Feb 2021 07:01
    URI: https://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/42480

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