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    Brief Report: Associations between cognitive control processes and traits of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and anxiety in children at elevated and typical familial likelihood for ASD

    Godoy, P.B.G. and Shephard, Elizabeth and Milosavljevic, Bosiljka and Johnson, Mark H. and Charman, T. (2020) Brief Report: Associations between cognitive control processes and traits of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and anxiety in children at elevated and typical familial likelihood for ASD. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders , ISSN 0162-3257. (In Press)

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    Abstract

    Shared difficulties with cognitive control may play a role in co-occurring mental health problems frequently observed in autistic children. We investigated how different cognitive control processes (inhibitory control, conflict resolution, cognitive flexibility) associated with traits of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and anxiety in 7-year-old children at elevated (n = 44) and typical (n = 37) familial likelihood for ASD. Poor inhibitory control was associated with higher ADHD traits. Better inhibitory control and poorer cognitive flexibility predicted higher anxiety traits. Cognitive control processes were not associated dimensionally with autistic traits, though better conflict resolution predicted greater likelihood of meeting diagnostic criteria for ASD in categorical analysis. These findings suggest that different cognitive control alterations are associated with ASD, ADHD and anxiety.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Autism spectrum disorder (ASD), Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), Anxiety, Inhibitory control, Conflict resolution, Cognitive flexibility
    School: School of Science > Psychological Sciences
    Research Centres and Institutes: Brain and Cognitive Development, Centre for (CBCD)
    Depositing User: Bosiljka Milosavljevic
    Date Deposited: 08 Mar 2021 14:12
    Last Modified: 08 Mar 2021 14:12
    URI: https://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/42723

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