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    Characterization of the MurT/GatD complex in Mycobacterium tuberculosis towards validating a novel anti-tubercular drug target

    Maitra, Arundhati and Nukala, Syamasundari and Dickman, R. and Martin, Liam T. and Munshi, Tulika and Gupta, Antima and Shepherd, Adrian J. and Arnvig, K.B. and Tabor, A.B. and Keep, Nicholas H. and Bhakta, Sanjib (2021) Characterization of the MurT/GatD complex in Mycobacterium tuberculosis towards validating a novel anti-tubercular drug target. JAC-Antimicrobial Resistance 3 (1), ISSN 2632-1823.

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    Abstract

    Objectives: Identification and validation of novel therapeutic targets is imperative to tackle the rise of drug resistance in tuberculosis. An essential Mur ligase-like gene (Rv3712), expected to be involved in cell-wall peptidoglycan (PG) biogenesis and conserved across mycobacteria, including the genetically depleted Mycobacterium leprae, was the primary focus of this study. Methods: Biochemical analysis of Rv3712 was performed using inorganic phosphate release assays. The operon structure was identified using reverse-transcriptase PCR and a transcription/translation fusion vector. In vivo mycobacterial protein fragment complementation assays helped generate the interactome. Results: Rv3712 was found to be an ATPase. Characterization of its operon revealed a mycobacteria-specific promoter driving the co-transcription of Rv3712 and Rv3713. The two gene products were found to interact with each other in vivo. Sequence-based functional assignments reveal that Rv3712 and Rv3713 are likely to be the mycobacterial PG precursor-modifying enzymes MurT and GatD, respectively. An in vivo network involving Mtb-MurT, regulatory proteins and cell division proteins was also identified. Conclusions: Understanding the role of the enzyme complex in the context of PG metabolism and cell division, and the implications for antimicrobial resistance and host immune responses will facilitate the design of therapeutics that are targeted specifically to M. tuberculosis.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    School: School of Science > Biological Sciences
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 18 Mar 2021 11:18
    Last Modified: 12 Jun 2021 01:23
    URI: https://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/43566

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