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    Regulation of metastasis suppressor NME1 by a key metabolic cofactor coenzyme A

    Kun Yu, B.Y. and Tossounian, M.-A. and Denchev Hristov, S. and Lawrence, R. and Arora, P. and Tsuchiya, Y. and Peak-Chew, S.Y. and Filonenko, V. and Oxenford, S. and Angell, R. and Gouge, Jerome and Skehel, M. and Goutac, M. (2021) Regulation of metastasis suppressor NME1 by a key metabolic cofactor coenzyme A. Redox Biology , ISSN 2213-2317. (In Press)

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    Abstract

    The metastasis suppressor protein NME1 is an evolutionarily conserved and multifunctional enzyme that plays an important role in suppressing the invasion and metastasis of tumour cells. The nucleoside diphosphate kinase (NDPK) activity of NME1 is well recognized in balancing the intracellular pools of nucleotide diphosphates and triphosphates to regulate cytoskeletal rearrangement and cell motility, endocytosis, intracellular trafficking, and metastasis. In addition, NME1 was found to function as a protein-histidine kinase, 3′-5′ exonuclease and geranyl/farnesyl pyrophosphate kinase. These diverse cellular functions are regulated at the level of expression, post-translational modifications, and regulatory interactions. The NDPK activity of NME1 has been shown to be inhibited in vitro and in vivo under oxidative stress, and the inhibitory effect mediated via redox-sensitive cysteine residues. In this study, affinity purification followed by mass spectrometric analysis revealed NME1 to be a major coenzyme A (CoA) binding protein in cultured cells and rat tissues. NME1 is also found covalently modified by CoA (CoAlation) at Cys109 in the CoAlome analysis of HEK293/Pank1β cells treated with the disulfide-stress inducer, diamide. Further analysis showed that recombinant NME1 is efficiently CoAlated in vitro and in cellular response to oxidising agents and metabolic stress. In vitro CoAlation of recombinant wild type NME1, but not the C109A mutant, results in the inhibition of its NDPK activity. Moreover, CoA also functions as a competitive inhibitor of the NME1 NDPK activity by binding non-covalently to the nucleotide binding site. Taken together, our data reveal metastasis suppressor protein NME1 as a novel binding partner of the key metabolic regulator CoA, which inhibits its nucleoside diphosphate kinase activity via non-covalent and covalent interactions.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): NDPK, Coenzyme A, Protein CoAlation, Oxidative stress, Metastasis suppressor, Redox regulation
    School: School of Science > Biological Sciences
    Research Centres and Institutes: Structural Molecular Biology, Institute of (ISMB)
    Depositing User: Jerome Gouge
    Date Deposited: 12 May 2021 09:59
    Last Modified: 26 Jun 2021 00:24
    URI: https://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/44167

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