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    Genomic variations and epigenomic landscape of the Medaka Inbred Kiyosu-Karlsruhe (MIKK) panel

    Leger, A. and Brettell, I. and Monahan, J. and Barton, Carl and Wolf, N. and Kusminski, N. and Herder, C. and Aadepu, N. and Becker, C. and Gierten, J. and Hammouda, O. and Hasel, E. and Lischik, C. and Lust, K. and Sokolova, N. and Suzuki, R. and Tavhelidse, T. and Thumberger, T. and Tsingos, E. and Watson, P. and Welz, B. and Naruse, K. and Loosli, F. and Wittbrodt, J. and Birney, E. and Fitzgerald, T.W. (2022) Genomic variations and epigenomic landscape of the Medaka Inbred Kiyosu-Karlsruhe (MIKK) panel. Genome Biology , ISSN 1465-6906.

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    Abstract

    The teleost medaka (Oryzias latipes) is a well-established vertebrate model system, with a long history of genetic research, and multiple high-quality reference genomes available for several inbred strains (HdrR, HNI and HSOK). Medaka has a high tolerance to inbreeding from the wild, thus allowing one to establish inbred lines from wild founder individuals. We have exploited this feature to create an inbred panel resource: the Medaka Inbred Kiyosu-Karlsruhe (MIKK) panel. This panel of 80 near-isogenic inbred lines contains a large amount of genetic variation inherited from the original wild population. We used Oxford Nanopore Technologies (ONT) long read data to further investigate the genomic and epigenomic landscapes of a subset of the MIKK panel. Nanopore sequencing allowed us to identify a much greater variety of high-quality structural variants compared with Illumina sequencing. We also present results and methods using a pan-genome graph representation of 12 individual medaka lines from the MIKK panel. This graph-based reference MIKK panel genome revealed novel differences between the MIKK panel lines compared to standard linear reference genomes. We found additional MIKK panel-specific genomic content that would be missing from linear reference alignment approaches. We were also able to identify and quantify the presence of repeat elements in each of the lines. Finally, we investigated line-specific CpG methylation and performed differential DNA methylation analysis across the 12 lines. We thus present a detailed analysis of the MIKK panel genomes using long and short read sequence technologies, creating a MIKK panel specific pan genome reference dataset allowing for the investigation of novel variation types that would be elusive using standard approaches.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    School: School of Business, Economics & Informatics > Computer Science and Information Systems
    Depositing User: Carl Barton
    Date Deposited: 16 May 2022 11:42
    Last Modified: 17 May 2022 05:53
    URI: https://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/44359

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