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    Different placement practices for different families? Children's adjustment in LGH adoptive families

    Costa, P.A. and Tasker, Fiona and Leal, I.P. (2021) Different placement practices for different families? Children's adjustment in LGH adoptive families. Frontiers in Psychology 12 , ISSN 1664-1078.

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    Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the characteristics of children placed with lesbian, gay, and heterosexual adopters, and to examine children’s problem behaviors and positive psychosocial adjustment across the three family types. Background: There is evidence that children with hard-to-place profiles may be more likely to be matched with lesbian and gay parents. In addition, children adopted from care face greater developmental difficulties than children raised by their birth families, although adoptive parents may buffer the negative effects of early adversity on their children’s psychosocial adjustment. Method: A final sample of 149 adoptive families from across the United Kingdom was recruited: 71 heterosexual parented, 39 lesbian parented, and 39 gay parented. Results: The results showed that gay and lesbian parents were more likely than heterosexual parents to be matched with hard-to-place children, partially because they were more open to being matched with children with hard-to-place profiles. However, no differences among the three family types on children’s psychosocial adjustment were found, when controlling for children’s early adversity. Conclusion: Adopted children displayed similar levels of problem behaviors and positive adjustment in lesbian, gay, and heterosexual parented families. Early adversity and having a physical problem/disability accounted for much of the variance in problem behaviors whereas parenting did not. In contrast, it was suggested that parenting processes, namely, parental closeness, may help to explain children’s positive adjustment.


    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): adoption processes, early adversity, resilience in adoption, lesbian mothers, gay fathers
    School: School of Science > Psychological Sciences
    Research Centres and Institutes: Gender and Sexuality, Birkbeck (BiGS)
    Depositing User: Fiona Tasker
    Date Deposited: 29 Sep 2021 10:28
    Last Modified: 01 Oct 2021 07:03


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