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    Trouble with the outlaws: bandits, the state, and political legitimacy in Greece over the Longue Durée

    Xenakis, Sappho (2021) Trouble with the outlaws: bandits, the state, and political legitimacy in Greece over the Longue Durée. Journal of Historical Sociology 34 (3), pp. 504-516. ISSN 0952-1909.

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    Using the case of modern Greece, this paper examines the long historical resonance and embattled legacy of state relations with bandits. Whilst there have been enduring debates about the motivations of bandits and their leaders in the armed struggle for Greek liberation from Ottoman rule in the nineteenth century, their central role within that struggle is nevertheless widely acknowledged. After independence was won in 1832, bandit histories eventually became a core part of nationalist myths on which the modern Greek state staked its legitimacy. As this paper contends, however, this stake was not unproblematic, and was not to go unchallenged. At notable junctures over the course of the twentieth and twenty-first centuries, the Greek state has faced counter-claims to these cherished tropes, when outlawed groups sought to present themselves instead as the authentic inheritors of the nationalist bandit mantle. This paper thus draws attention to the potential for extended political reverberations over the ascription and rescription of bandit tropes and their significance in claims of legitimacy by political actors. In so doing, the paper offers a conceptual bridge over a divide commonly found between, on the one hand, studies of banditry, and, on the other, research on groups of outlaws that emerge over successive periods within the same geographic space.


    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: This is the peer reviewed version of the article, which has been published in final form at the link above. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
    School: Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences
    Depositing User: Sappho Xenakis
    Date Deposited: 30 Jun 2021 15:17
    Last Modified: 03 Sep 2023 00:10


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