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    Neurocognitive efficiency in breast cancer survivorship: a performance monitoring ERP study

    Swainston, Jessica and Derakhshan, Nazanin (2021) Neurocognitive efficiency in breast cancer survivorship: a performance monitoring ERP study. International Journal of Psychophysiology 168 , pp. 9-20. ISSN 0167-8760. (In Press)

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    Abstract

    Breast cancer diagnosis and treatment can lead to longer term cognitive and emotional vulnerability, making the ability to efficiently adapt to setbacks critical. Whilst cancer-related cognitive impairments (CRCI) are often reported amongst breast cancer survivors, investigation into the capacity to efficiently process errors is limited. The present study investigated the neurocognitive correlates of cognitive-control related performance monitoring, an important function influencing behavioural adjustment to mistakes. 62 participants (30 Breast Cancer Survivors, 32 Non-Cancer) completed a modified flanker task designed to challenge response inhibition as we measured neurocognitive indices of performance monitoring (ERN, the error-related negativity; CRN, the correct-response negativity; Pe, the error positivity). Findings indicated a blunted CRN and larger ∆ERN in the breast cancer survivors compared to the non-cancer group, in the absence of performance effects. This was followed by larger Pe in the breast cancer survivors’ group, indicating an exaggerated performance monitoring response. For women affected by breast cancer, findings suggest an early disrupted neural response to monitoring cognitive performance, followed by the requirement for more effortful processing in the conscious response to errors, indicating deficits in neurocognitive efficiency. These findings have important implications for developing cognitive rehabilitation programmes for breast cancer survivors affected by cognitive dysfunction to assist in the monitoring and adjustment of performance required to meet established goals in the face of adversity.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): ERN, CRN, Breast Cancer, Cognitive Control
    School: School of Science > Psychological Sciences
    Research Centres and Institutes: Building Resilience in Breast Cancer
    Depositing User: Naz Derakhshan
    Date Deposited: 21 Jul 2021 14:00
    Last Modified: 21 Jul 2021 15:11
    URI: https://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/44983

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