# Notions of density that imply representability in algebraic logic

Andreka, H. and Givant, S. and Mikulas, Szabolcs and Nemeti, I. and Simon, A.
(1998)
Notions of density that imply representability in algebraic logic.
*Annals of Pure and Applied Logic* 91
(2/3),
pp. 93-190.
ISSN 0168-0072.

## Abstract

Henkin and Tarski proved that an atomic cylindric algebra in which every atom is a rectangle must be representable (as a cylindric set algebra). This theorem and its analogues for quasi-polyadic algebras with and without equality are formulated in Henkin, Monk and Tarski [13]. We introduce a natural and more general notion of rectangular density that can be applied to arbitrary cylindric and quasi-polyadic algebras, not just atomic ones. We then show that every rectangularly dense cylindric algebra is representable, and we extend this result to other classes of algebras of logic, for example quasi-polyadic algebras and substitution-cylindrification algebras with and without equality, relation algebras, and special Boolean monoids. The results of op. cit. mentioned above are special cases of our general theorems. We point out an error in the proof of the Henkin-Monk-Tarski representation theorem for atomic, equality-free, quasi-polyadic algebras with rectangular atoms. The error consists in the implicit assumption of a property that does not, in general, hold. We then give a correct proof of their theorem. Henkin and Tarski also introduced the notion of a rich cylindric algebra and proved in op. cit. that every rich cylindric algebra of finite dimension (or, more generally, of locally finite dimension) satisfying certain special identities is representable. We introduce a modification of the notion of a rich algebra that, in our opinion, renders it more natural. In particular, under this modification richness becomes a density notion. Moreover, our notion of richness applies not only to algebras with equality, such as cylindric algebras, but also to algebras without equality. We show that a finite dimensional algebra is rich iff it is rectangularly dense and quasi-atomic; moreover, each of these conditions is also equivalent to a very natural condition of point density. As a consequence, every finite dimensional (or locally finite dimensional) rich algebra of logic is representable. We do not have to assume the validity of any special identities to establish this representability. Not only does this give an improvement of the Henkin-Tarski representation theorem for rich cylindric algebras, it solves positively an open problem in op. cit. concerning the representability of finite dimensional rich quasi-polyadic algebras without equality.

## Metadata

Item Type: | Article |
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School: | Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Science > School of Computing and Mathematical Sciences |

Depositing User: | Sarah Hall |

Date Deposited: | 13 Jul 2021 14:52 |

Last Modified: | 09 Aug 2023 12:51 |

URI: | https://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/45086 |

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