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    Does the Complementarity Principle apply to inner speech? A mixed-methods study on multilingual Chinese university students in the UK

    Leung, Pearl and Dewaele, Jean-Marc (2023) Does the Complementarity Principle apply to inner speech? A mixed-methods study on multilingual Chinese university students in the UK. International Journal of Multilingualism 20 (3), pp. 1164-1184. ISSN 1479-0718.

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    Abstract

    This paper investigates how inner speech in English as a foreign language (LX) and Chinese first languages (L1s) of 425 multilingual Chinese university students in the UK is affected by their stay. An eight-item scale was developed to cover two different discourse domains for inner speech, namely the academic and the general domain. LX socialization was operationalized as frequency of English use in daily life, sociocultural adaptation, previous immersion, and length of stay. Factor analysis of the quantitative data combined with participants’ reports show that English inner speech develops gradually in the academic domain and general domain, suggesting that the Complementarity Principle applies to inner speech as much as articulated speech (Grosjean, Bilingual: Life and reality. Harvard University Press, 2012). Frequency of academic English inner speech is linked to higher level of LX socialization, namely frequent use of English in daily life, a higher level of sociocultural adaptation, and having had previous immersion. However, sociocultural adaptation had no effect on the frequency of general English inner speech

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis, available online at the link above.
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Inner speech, Complementarity Principle, study abroad, LX socialisation
    School: Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > School of Creative Arts, Culture and Communication
    Depositing User: Jean-Marc Dewaele
    Date Deposited: 11 Aug 2021 11:57
    Last Modified: 09 Aug 2023 12:51
    URI: https://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/45389

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