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    Comparing journalism cultures in Britain and Germany: confrontation, contextualization, conformity

    Henkel, Imke and Thurman, N. and Deffner, V. (2019) Comparing journalism cultures in Britain and Germany: confrontation, contextualization, conformity. Journalism Studies 20 (14), pp. 1995-2013. ISSN 1461-670X.

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    Abstract

    Many British newspapers proclaim strongly partisan political and moral positions, with headlines such as ?Get Britain out of the EU.? In contrast, German newspapers, during national events such as the refugee crisis, often take on the role of reflective observers. Previous comparative research has shown a link between journalists? output and professional attitudes. Using data from the Worlds of Journalism Study, this article analyses the professional attitudes of British and German journalists (N=1475) across three constituents of journalism culture: societal, epistemological, and ethical. Our analysis shows significant differences in all three constituents. We conclude that British journalists conceive of their professional role as more confrontational to those in power than their German colleagues. We also find some evidence that German journalists believe it more important to provide context and analysis ? aiming to assist audiences in their civic roles ? and that they are more likely to conform to professional codes, although only in general terms. Our findings contradict some earlier comparative studies that claimed a more passive role for British journalists. Our findings may also hold interest for others engaged in international comparative research, showing how the two-country comparison can identify, and account for, what is hidden in multi-country research designs.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): British and German, comparative, journalism’s role in society, journalists, professional attitudes, role conception, Worlds of Journalism Study
    School: School of Arts > Film, Media and Cultural Studies
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 15 Sep 2021 14:19
    Last Modified: 16 Sep 2021 06:53
    URI: https://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/45961

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