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    Work-related factors in the etiology of symptoms of post-traumatic stress among first responders: the Brazilian Firefighters Longitudinal Health Study (FLoHS)

    Vasconcelos, A. and de Paula Lima, E. and Teoh, Kevin and Nascimento, E. and MacLennan, S. and Cox, Tom (2021) Work-related factors in the etiology of symptoms of post-traumatic stress among first responders: the Brazilian Firefighters Longitudinal Health Study (FLoHS). Cadernos de Saúde Pública: Reports in Public Health 37 (9), e00135920. ISSN 1678-4464.

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    Abstract

    Two important aspects must be accounted for when discussing the mental health of first responders and, in particular, their report of post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). The first concerns the provision of quantitative data from longitudinal study designs, the second concerns the sophistication of the work-related model used to frame such studies. This is a report on the development of a model for Brazilian firefighters who also work as first responders, from the establishment of a longitudinal panel design study, the Brazilian Firefighter Longitudinal Health Study (FLoHS). The first objective was to compare trainee and active firefighters based on their follow-up data with a nationwide sample of similarly aged Brazilians. The second was to test the effect that operational and organizational experiences had on firefighters’ PTSS level during follow up. At baseline, trainee firefighters came from higher socioeconomic backgrounds, were healthier and less exposed to trauma compared to a similarly aged national sample. At follow up, they reported higher prevalence of smoking, sleep problems, anhedonia and were more likely to be overweight. PTSS was predicted by operational and organizational stressors, even when controlled for health status at baseline. The results present not only the differences in the predictive status of operational and organizational events in relation to PTSS, but also how the effects of such events might interact. The data suggest the need for evidence-based interventions, support provided and changes at work environments to improve report rates for mental health in general and for PTSS in particular.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders, Firefighters, Longitudinal Studies, Occupational Exposure
    School: School of Business, Economics & Informatics > Organizational Psychology
    Depositing User: Kevin Teoh
    Date Deposited: 08 Nov 2021 14:00
    Last Modified: 10 Nov 2021 07:42
    URI: https://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/46027

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