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    Reasoning and argumentation

    Chater, N. and Oaksford, Mike (2021) Reasoning and argumentation. In: UNSPECIFIED (ed.) Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Psychology. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780190236557.

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    Abstract

    The psychology of reasoning and argumentation studies how people reason and persuade others using language. Influenced by analytic philosophy, much early work focused on the degree to which verbal reasoning is captured by or diverges from classical deductive logic. From this viewpoint, human thinking can seem prone to substantial and systematic bias. Since 1994, verbal reasoning has been set in the context of uncertain, common-sense reasoning rather than deduction, and reasoning has been seen as continuous with the social challenge of real-world argumentation. From this perspective, the human ability to reason and argue with words is better considered not as flawed logical reasoning, but as often highly competent reasoning and persuasion in an uncertain and contested world.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Book Section
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): reasoning, persuasion, argument, logic, probability, Bayes theorem, logic, world knowledge, nonmonotonicity, fallacies
    School: School of Science > Psychological Sciences
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 27 Sep 2021 09:35
    Last Modified: 27 Sep 2021 09:35
    URI: https://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/46119

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