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    Triple, quadruple, and higher-order helices: historical phenomena and (neo-)evolutionary models

    Leydesdorff, L. and Lawton Smith, Helen (2022) Triple, quadruple, and higher-order helices: historical phenomena and (neo-)evolutionary models. Triple Helix 9 (1), pp. 6-31. ISSN 2197-1927.

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    Carayannis and Campbell (2009; 2010) have argued for using quadruple and quintuple helices as models encompassing and generalizing triple-helix dynamics. In the meantime, quadruple and quintuple helices have been adopted by the European Committee for the Regions and the European Commission as metaphors for further strategy development such as in EU-programs in Smart Specialization, Plan S, Open Innovation 2.0, etc. Here we argue that the transition from a double helix to a triple helix can change the dynamic from a trajectory to a regime. However, next-order transitions (e.g., to quadruple, quintuple, or n-tuple helices) can be decomposed and recombined into interacting Triple Helices. For example, in the case of four helices A, B, C, and D, one can distinguish ABC, ABD, ACD, and BCD; each triplet can generate synergy. The triple-helix synergy indicator can thus be elaborated for more than three dimensions. However, whether innovation systems are national, regional, sectorial, triple-helix, quadruple-helix, etc., can inform policies with evidence if one proceeds to measurement. A variety of perspectives can be used to interpret the data. Software for testing perspectives will be introduced.


    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Entrepreneurial university, Knowledge-based co-evolution, Overlay
    School: Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Business and Law > Birkbeck Business School
    Research Centres and Institutes: Innovation Management Research, Birkbeck Centre for
    Depositing User: Helen Lawton Smith
    Date Deposited: 08 Mar 2022 13:33
    Last Modified: 02 Aug 2023 18:13


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