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    Understanding the differential impact of children’s TV on executive functions: a narrative-processing analysis

    Essex, Claire and Gliga, Teodora and Singh, Maninda and Smith, Tim (2022) Understanding the differential impact of children’s TV on executive functions: a narrative-processing analysis. Infant Behavior and Development 66 , ISSN 0163-6383.

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    Abstract

    Evidence from multiple empirical studies suggests children’s Executive Functions are depleted immediately after viewing some types of TV content but not others. Correlational evidence suggests any such effects may be most problematic during the pre-school years. To establish whether “screen-time” is developmentally appropriate at this age we believe a nuanced approach must be taken to the analysis of individual pieces of media and their potential demands on viewer cognition. To this end we apply a cognitive theory of visual narrative processing, the Scene Perception and Event Comprehension Theory (SPECT; Loschky, Larson, Smith, & Magliano, 2020) to the analysis of TV shows previously used to investigate short-term effects of TV viewing. A theoretical formalisation of individual content properties, together with a quantitative content-based analysis of previously used children’s content (Lillard & Peterson, 2011; Lillard et al., 2015b) is presented. This analysis found a pattern of greater stimulus saliency, increased situational change and a greater combined presence of cognitively demanding features for videos previously shown to reduce children’s EF after viewing. Limitations of this pilot application of SPECT are presented and proposals for future empirical investigations of the psychological mechanisms activated by specific TV viewing content are considered.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Children’s TV viewing; Executive Function, Cognitive Development, Narrative-Processing Analysis, Content Properties
    School: School of Science > Psychological Sciences
    Research Centres and Institutes: Brain and Cognitive Development, Centre for (CBCD)
    Depositing User: Claire ESSEX
    Date Deposited: 29 Nov 2021 10:56
    Last Modified: 04 Jul 2022 12:46
    URI: https://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/46745

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