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    The development of a short-form foreign language enjoyment scale

    Botes, E. and Dewaele, Jean-Marc and Greiff, S. (2021) The development of a short-form foreign language enjoyment scale. The Modern Language Journal 105 (4), pp. 858-876. ISSN 0026-7902.

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    The Foreign Language Enjoyment Scale (FLES) was originally introduced by Dewaele and MacIntyre (2014). We used a data set with n = 1,603 learners of foreign languages (FL) to develop and validate the Short Form of the Foreign Language Enjoyment Scale (S-FLES). The data was split into two groups and we used the first sample to develop the short-form measure. A three-factor hierarchical model of FLE was uncovered, with FLE as a higher order factor and Teacher Appreciation, Personal Enjoyment, and Social Enjoyment as three lower order factors. We selected three items for each of the three lower order factors of the S-FLES. The proposed nine-item short form of FLE was validated in the second sample, and the fit statistics for the factor structure indicated close fit. Further evidence was found to support the internal consistency, convergent validity, and discriminant validity of the S-FLES. The S-FLES provides a valid and reliable short-form measure of FLE, which can easily be included in any battery of assessments examining individual differences in language learning.


    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: This is the peer reviewed version of the article, which has been published in final form at the link above. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): foreign language enjoyment, foreign language learning, short form development, emotions in language learning
    School: Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > School of Creative Arts, Culture and Communication
    Depositing User: Jean-Marc Dewaele
    Date Deposited: 29 Nov 2021 11:02
    Last Modified: 23 Nov 2023 01:10


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