BIROn - Birkbeck Institutional Research Online

    The development of a short-form foreign language enjoyment scale

    Botes, E. and Dewaele, Jean-Marc and Greiff, S. (2021) The development of a short-form foreign language enjoyment scale. The Modern Language Journal , ISSN 0026-7902. (In Press)

    [img] Text
    46790.pdf - Author's Accepted Manuscript
    Restricted to Repository staff only until 23 November 2023.

    Download (694kB) | Request a copy

    Abstract

    The Foreign Language Enjoyment Scale (FLES) was originally introduced by Dewaele and MacIntyre (2014). We used a data set with n = 1,603 learners of foreign languages (FL) to develop and validate the Short Form of the Foreign Language Enjoyment Scale (S-FLES). The data was split into two groups and we used the first sample to develop the short-form measure. A three-factor hierarchical model of FLE was uncovered, with FLE as a higher order factor and Teacher Appreciation, Personal Enjoyment, and Social Enjoyment as three lower order factors. We selected three items for each of the three lower order factors of the S-FLES. The proposed nine-item short form of FLE was validated in the second sample, and the fit statistics for the factor structure indicated close fit. Further evidence was found to support the internal consistency, convergent validity, and discriminant validity of the S-FLES. The S-FLES provides a valid and reliable short-form measure of FLE, which can easily be included in any battery of assessments examining individual differences in language learning.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: This is the peer reviewed version of the article, which has been published in final form at the link above. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): foreign language enjoyment, foreign language learning, short form development, emotions in language learning
    School: School of Arts > Languages, Cultures & Applied Linguistics (from 2021)
    Depositing User: Jean-Marc Dewaele
    Date Deposited: 29 Nov 2021 11:02
    Last Modified: 29 Nov 2021 18:18
    URI: https://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/46790

    Statistics

    Downloads
    Activity Overview
    1Download
    212Hits

    Additional statistics are available via IRStats2.

    Archive Staff Only (login required)

    Edit/View Item Edit/View Item