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    Remembrance of contact past: when intergroup contact meta-cognitions decrease outgroup tolerance

    Drury, Lisbeth and Birtel, M.D. and Randsley De Moura, G. and Crisp, R.J. (2022) Remembrance of contact past: when intergroup contact meta-cognitions decrease outgroup tolerance. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations , ISSN 13684302. (In Press)

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    Abstract

    Positive intergroup contact reliably reduces prejudice, yet little is known about the meta-cognitive processes involved in recalling prior contact experiences and their impact on outgroup tolerance. The present research examined whether contact interventions that rely on the recollection of past contact experiences can be susceptible to ease of retrieval effects, and the potential impact on intergroup attitudes. Specifically, we tested whether manipulating the number of contact memories participants were asked to recall (5 vs 1) impacts on outgroup tolerance, and whether this effect is contingent upon participants’ prior contact experiences. Results of two experiments (N = 220) revealed a moderated mediation effect of contact recollection on outgroup tolerance via perceived ease of retrieval, dependent upon levels of prior contact. Recalling more (5) versus fewer (1) contact memories was perceived as more difficult and this in turn decreased tolerance, specifically for individuals low in prior contact. Countering this negative indirect effect, however, recalling more contact experiences had a positive direct effect. Therefore, greater cognitive effort appears to act as a suppressor of the positive effect of contact recall. Our findings provide insight into meta-cognitive processes involved in recalling autobiographical contact memories, and the resulting impact on intergroup relations.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): intergroup contact, meta-cognition, contact memories, tolerance, prejudice
    School: School of Business, Economics & Informatics > Organizational Psychology
    Depositing User: Lisbeth Drury
    Date Deposited: 16 Dec 2021 12:45
    Last Modified: 16 Jun 2022 00:57
    URI: https://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/47001

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