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    Inequality in policy implementation: caste and electrification in rural India

    Aklin, M. and Cheng, Chao-Yo and Urpelainen, J. (2020) Inequality in policy implementation: caste and electrification in rural India. Journal of Public Policy 41 (2), pp. 331-359. ISSN 0143-814X.

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    We examine unequal outcomes in the implementation of India's national rural electrification program in Uttar Pradesh. We ask two questions: (1) to what extent did Dalits, the lowest group in India's caste hierarchy, receive less attention when the state electrified rural communities? (2) Was BSP, the state's Dalit party, able to reduce this inequality? Using data from a hundred thousand villages, we provide robust evidence for unequal outcomes. Villages inhabited solely by Dalits were 20 percentage points less likely to be covered by the program than villages without any Dalits. Moreover, a regression discontinuity analysis shows that the electoral success of BSP failed to reduce such differences. These results highlight the magnitude and persistence of caste inequality in the implementation of democratic public policy, despite political representation.


    Item Type: Article
    School: School of Social Sciences, History and Philosophy > Politics
    Depositing User: Chao-Yo Cheng
    Date Deposited: 17 Jan 2022 17:59
    Last Modified: 19 Jan 2022 07:08


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