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    Innovation systems and income inequality: in search of causal mechanisms

    Fragkandreas, Thanos (2021) Innovation systems and income inequality: in search of causal mechanisms. Working Paper. Birkbeck, University of London, London, UK.

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    Abstract

    How does innovation as a collective (multi-actor) activity shape the distribution of income in contemporary societies? To address this largely under-researched, and thus also under-theorised, question, the present paper develops a novel conceptual model based on a synthesis of the literature on innovation systems, relational inequality theory, and critical realist causal mechanisms theory. Drawing upon an in-depth, mixed-method case study analysis, this paper demonstrates how the strategies of focal actors (e.g., firms, universities, research institutes, policy organisations) combine with the causal abilities of the innovation system under investigation to form seven causalmechanisms of (in)equality: five inequality-inducing causal mechanisms (competence concentration, income hoarding, skill premiums, precarious employment, and old-age technological unemployment) and two inequality-reducing causal mechanisms (genderinclusive competence-building and employment). The findings contribute to, among other issues, a rapidly-growing concern with the question of rising inequality within the field of innovation studies, while also having an important policy implication: achieving inclusive growth through innovation requires, among other things, the formation of ‘strategy synergies’ among focal (triplehelix) actors in innovation systems.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Monograph (Working Paper)
    Additional Information: CIMR Working Paper no.56, ISSN: 2052-062X
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Innovation systems, income inequality, relational inequality theory, causal mechanisms, critical realism, Germany
    School: School of Business, Economics & Informatics > Management
    Research Centres and Institutes: Innovation Management Research, Birkbeck Centre for
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 22 Feb 2022 10:11
    Last Modified: 24 Feb 2022 07:50
    URI: https://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/47605

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