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    Validating the Short-Form Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety Scale (S-FLCAS)

    Botes, E. and van der Westhuizen, L. and Dewaele, Jean-Marc and MacIntyre, P. and Greiff, S. (2022) Validating the Short-Form Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety Scale (S-FLCAS). Applied Linguistics , ISSN 0142-6001. (In Press)

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    Foreign language classroom anxiety (FLCA) is a popular construct in applied linguistics research, traditionally measured with the 33-item Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety Scale (FLCAS). However, recent studies have started utilising the 8-item Short-Form Foreign Language Anxiety Scale (S-FLCAS). There is therefore a need, which this study addressed in five sequential steps, to validate the S-FLCAS in order to ensure the validity and reliability of the scale. A sample of n = 370 foreign language learners was utilised in the validation efforts, which included exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses, the establishment of convergent and discriminant validity, and invariance testing. The S-FLCAS was found to have a unidimensional structure with the 8 items loading on a single latent variable. Evidence was provided of the internal consistency and the convergent and discriminate validity of the S-FLCAS. In addition, the measure was found to be fully invariant across age, gender, educational levels, and L1 groups. It is therefore with some considerable confidence that we can recommend the future use of the S-FLCAS in peer-reviewed research.


    Item Type: Article
    School: School of Arts > Languages, Cultures & Applied Linguistics (from 2021)
    Depositing User: Jean-Marc Dewaele
    Date Deposited: 30 May 2022 15:29
    Last Modified: 30 May 2022 22:09


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