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    The impact of COVID-19 on home advantage: a conditional order-m analysis of football clubs' efficiency in the top-5 European leagues

    De Stefanis, S. and Addesa, F. and Rossi, Giambattista (2022) The impact of COVID-19 on home advantage: a conditional order-m analysis of football clubs' efficiency in the top-5 European leagues. Applied Economics 54 (58), pp. 6639-6655. ISSN 0003-6846.

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    Abstract

    This study aims to contribute to the recent literature on the effects of COVID on football teams’ performance, focusing on the impact of ghost games on offensive and defensive technical efficiency. Using season-level data for the top 5 European leagues, a novelty for efficiency studies on football, the analysis compares the ten seasons played before the pandemic outbreak with the only season (2020-21) almost entirely played behind closed doors. A further novel contribution is the methodology – conditional order-m – applied to calculate efficiency scores. Our results show that in the post-COVID season both offensive and defensive efficiency significantly increased for away games, whereas for home games offensive efficiency shows a very slight increase, and defensive efficiency remains basically unchanged. These findings are valid for all the five leagues and provide evidence of a generalised reduction in the home advantage.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Technical efficiency, COVID-19, football, home advantage, conditional order-m
    School: Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Business and Law > Birkbeck Business School
    Research Centres and Institutes: Birkbeck Sport Business Centre
    Depositing User: Giambattista Rossi
    Date Deposited: 01 Jun 2022 14:22
    Last Modified: 02 Aug 2023 18:16
    URI: https://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/48165

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