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    Generalized Watson distribution on the Hypersphere with applications to clustering

    Maybank, Stephen and Liu, L. and Tau, D. (2023) Generalized Watson distribution on the Hypersphere with applications to clustering. Journal of Mathematical Imaging and Vision 65 , pp. 302-322. ISSN 0924-9907.

    LinearSubspace_ltx_20191201.pdf - Author's Accepted Manuscript

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    A family of probability density functions (pdfs) is defined on the unit hypersphere S^{n}. The parameter space for the pdfs is G(d, n+1)xR_{>= 0}, for 1 <= d <= n, where G(d, n+1) is the Grassmannian of d dimensional linear subspaces in R^{n+1} and R}_{>= 0} is the range of values for a concentration parameter. This family of pdfs generalizes the Watson distribution on the sphere S^{2}. It is shown that the pdfs are tractable, in that i) a given pdf can be sampled efficiently, ii) the parameters of a pdf can be estimated using maximum likelihood, and iii) the Kullback-Leibler divergence and the Fisher-Rao metric on G(d, n+1)xR_{>= 0} have simple forms. A wide range of shapes of the pdfs can be obtained by varying d and the concentration parameter. The pdfs are used to model clusters of feature vectors on the hypersphere. The clusters are compared using the Kullback-Leibler divergences of the associated pdfs. Experiments with the mnist, Human Activity Recognition and Gas Sensor Array Drift datasets show that good results can be obtained from clustering algorithms based on the Kullback-Leibler divergence, even if the dimension n of the hypersphere is high.


    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Classification, Fisher-Rao metric, generalized Watson distribution, Grassmannian, hypergeometric function, hypersphere, Kullback-Leibler divergence
    School: Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Science > School of Computing and Mathematical Sciences
    Depositing User: Steve Maybank
    Date Deposited: 12 Jul 2022 12:37
    Last Modified: 18 Aug 2023 00:10


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