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    Cryo-EM structure of a monomeric yeast S. cerevisiae complex IV isolated with maltosides: implications in supercomplex formation

    Ing, G. and Hartley, A. and Pinotsis, Nikos and Marechal, Amandine (2022) Cryo-EM structure of a monomeric yeast S. cerevisiae complex IV isolated with maltosides: implications in supercomplex formation. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Bioenergetics 1863 (7), p. 148591. ISSN 0005-2728.

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    Abstract

    In mitochondria, complex IV (CIV) can be found as a monomer, a dimer or in association with other respiratory complexes. The atomic structure of the yeast S. cerevisiae CIV in a supercomplex (SC) with complex III (CIII) pointed to a region of significant conformational changes compared to the homologous mammalian CIV structures. These changes involved the matrix side domain of Cox5A at the CIII-CIV interface, and it was suggested that it could be required for SC formation. To investigate this, we solved the structure of the isolated monomeric CIV from S. cerevisiae stabilised in amphipol A8-35 at 3.9 Å using cryo-electron microscopy. Only a minor change in flexibility was seen in this Cox5A region, ruling out large CIV conformational shift for interaction with CIII and confirming the different fold of the yeast Cox5A subunit compared to mammalian homologues. Other differences in structure were the absence of two canonical subunits, Cox12 and Cox13, as well as Cox26, which is unique to the yeast CIV. Their absence is most likely due to the protein purification protocol used to isolate CIV from the III-IV SC.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): bioenergetics, electron transport chain, cytochrome c oxidase, supercomplexes, mitochondria, amphipols
    School: Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Science > School of Natural Sciences
    Depositing User: Amandine Marechal
    Date Deposited: 25 Aug 2022 14:11
    Last Modified: 02 Aug 2023 18:17
    URI: https://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/48650

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