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    Differences in foreign language anxiety in regular and online EFL classes during the pandemic: a mixed-methods study

    Resnik, P. and Dewaele, Jean-Marc and Knechtelsdorfer, E. (2023) Differences in foreign language anxiety in regular and online EFL classes during the pandemic: a mixed-methods study. TESOL Quarterly 57 (2), pp. 618-642. ISSN 0039-8322.

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    This paper explores differences in 437 learners’ foreign language classroom anxiety (FLCA) in in-person and online English as a Foreign Language (EFL) classes before the outbreak of the pandemic and during the first lockdown in spring 2020. Statistical analyses of data gathered with a web survey revealed a slight, yet significant drop in learners’ overall FLCA in emergency remote teaching. In order to obtain a more granular view, item-level analyses revealed that learners in online classes were significantly less worried about being outperformed by peers, suffered less from physical symptoms of anxiety when called on in class and were less anxious when they were in fact well-prepared. Feeling embarrassed to volunteer answers was significantly higher in online classes. Interviews with 21 participants revealed that the interviewees mentioned anxiety-provoking aspects of the class considerably more frequently in online than in in-person classes. However, the sources of anxiety in online classes differed from the ones in classes taught on site. Thus, it seems that the newness of the setting foregrounded anxiety-provoking aspects specific to emergency remote teaching, making others fade in the background at the beginning of the pandemic.


    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Covid-19, English as a Foreign Language, foreign language classroom anxiety, learner emotions, online language learning
    School: Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > School of Creative Arts, Culture and Communication
    Depositing User: Jean-Marc Dewaele
    Date Deposited: 12 Aug 2022 15:33
    Last Modified: 09 Aug 2023 12:53


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