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    `A Poor Prospect Indeed': the state's disavowal of child abuse victims in youth custody, 1960– 1990

    Jarman, Ben and Lanskey, C. (2019) `A Poor Prospect Indeed': the state's disavowal of child abuse victims in youth custody, 1960– 1990. Societies 9 (2), p. 27. ISSN 2075-4698.

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    Child abuse in youth custody in England and Wales is receiving an unprecedented degree of official attention. Historic allegations of abuse by staff in custodial institutions which held children are now being heard by the courts and by the Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse (IICSA), and some criminal trials have resulted in convictions. A persistent question prompted by these investigations is that of why the victims of custodial child abuse were for so long denied recognition as such, or any form of redress. Drawing on original documentary research, this article aims to explain why and how state authorities in England and Wales failed to recognise the victimisation of children held in penal institutions between 1960 and 1990, and argues that this failure constitutes a disavowal of the state's responsibility. We show that the victims of custodial child abuse were the victims of state crimes by omission, because the state failed to recognise or to uphold a duty of care. We argue further that this was possible because the occupational cultures and custodial practices of penal institutions failed to recognise the structural and agentic vulnerabilities of children. Adult staff were granted enormous discretionary power which entitled them to act (and to define their actions) without effective constraint. These findings, we suggest, have implications for how custodial institutions for children should think about the kinds of abuse which are manifest today.


    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): archival research, child abuse, child sexual abuse, crime victims, england and wales, historical criminology, history of imprisonment, independent inquiry into child sexual abuse, prison sociology, prisons,secure institutions for young people, state crimes, youth custody, youth justice
    School: Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Business and Law > Birkbeck Law School
    Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences
    Research Centres and Institutes: Crime & Justice Policy Research, Institute for
    Depositing User: Ben Jarman
    Date Deposited: 07 Oct 2022 15:20
    Last Modified: 02 Aug 2023 18:18


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