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    Football clubs' efficiency and COVID-19 in the Big-5 European leagues

    Destefanis, S. and Addesa, F. and Rossi, Giambattista (2021) Football clubs' efficiency and COVID-19 in the Big-5 European leagues. Working Paper. Birkbeck Sport Business Centre, London, UK.

    De Stefanis et al. (2021).pdf - Published Version of Record

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    This study aims to contribute to the recent literature on the effects of COVID on football teams’ performance, focusing on the impact of playing behind closed doors – due to the health and safety measures following the COVID-19 pandemic outbreak - on offensive and defensive technical efficiency. Using a long season-level dataset for the top 5 European leagues, a novelty for efficiency studies on football, the analysis compares the ten seasons (2009-10 to 2018-19) played before the pandemic outbreak with the only season (2020-21) entirely played behind closed doors. The methodology applied to calculate the efficiency scores is the conditional order-m, whose application represents a further novel contribution to the literature on football teams’ efficiency. Our findings are consistent with the recent literature on the impact of ghost games on teams’ performance and show an erosion of the home advantage, likely due to the reduced pressure on visiting teams deriving from the lack of home crowd support.


    Item Type: Monograph (Working Paper)
    Additional Information: Birkbeck Sport Business Centre Research Paper Series 13(2) - ISSN: 1756-8811
    School: Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Business and Law > Birkbeck Business School
    Research Centres and Institutes: Birkbeck Sport Business Centre
    Depositing User: Richard Tacon
    Date Deposited: 26 Apr 2023 13:52
    Last Modified: 02 Aug 2023 18:19


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