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    Temporal contexts and actors vis-a-vis I-deals’ timing and creation: evidence from Nigeria

    Ayeni, D. and Chaudhry, Sara and Aldossari, M. (2022) Temporal contexts and actors vis-a-vis I-deals’ timing and creation: evidence from Nigeria. Group & Organization Management , pp. 1-55. ISSN 1059-6011.

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    I-deals (that is, personalised, non-standard employment arrangements ne- gotiated between employees and their employers) arise at different stages of the employment lifecycle. I-deals can vary by timing, such as those created before hire (ex-ante) versus after hire (ex-post). However, scholars have not fully considered the impact of the temporal context (environmental, social, economic, individual) on I-deals or how a range of organisational actors may respond to enabling/constraining conditions when creating I-deals. Our paper focuses on the under-explored issue of I-deals’ timing by applying the the- oretical lens of institutional entrepreneurship (IE). Key IE concepts enable a more critical understanding of broader temporal context impacts and the role of various actors (I-dealers, organisational agents) in creating I-deals. Drawing on a multicase study of 3 Nigerian organisations (62 semi-structured interviews, including fieldnotes and organisation-specific documents), our data revealed that field-level conditions and actors’ social positions interact to highlight (i) several distinctive temporal contexts, (ii) with differential impacts on I-deals’ timing and subsequently (iii) organisational actors adopting a range of tactics in response to enabling/constraining conditions. Based on these findings, we offer a theoretical model that reconceptualises I-deals’ timing by specifically focusing on the invisible concept of time. Finally, we discuss our study’s implications for I-deal research and offer future research directions and recommendations for practice.


    Item Type: Article
    School: Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Business and Law > Birkbeck Business School
    Depositing User: Sara Chaudhry
    Date Deposited: 30 Nov 2022 06:24
    Last Modified: 02 Aug 2023 18:19


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