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    Anti-deforestation npr-PPMs and carbon border measures: thinking about the chapeau of article XX GATT in times of climate crisis

    Leonelli, Giulia Claudia (2023) Anti-deforestation npr-PPMs and carbon border measures: thinking about the chapeau of article XX GATT in times of climate crisis. Journal of International Economic Law , ISSN 1369-3034.

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    Abstract

    This article enquires into the extent to which the elusive Chapeau of Article XX GATT may constrain the ability of regulating Members to tackle environmental externalities via unilateral regulatory action. It employs an analysis of recent EU regulatory measures to assess the rationale of different ‘indicators’ of compliance with the Chapeau and unpack their implications. The article illustrates that a good faith-centred interpretation of the Chapeau criteria helps identify aspects in the practical application of a measure that may afford protection to domestic products or result in country-based discrimination. It also preserves the margins of action of regulating Members and can improve the regulatory design and environmental effectiveness of unilateral measures. An expansive interpretation of ‘situational’ discrimination and ‘coercion’, by contrast, captures significant distortions of competitive opportunities between ‘like’ products, broadening market access and stretching the Chapeau beyond a good faith-centred focus. Further, this interpretative approach can indirectly impact the regulatory design of the measures and undermine their environmental effectiveness. Against this backdrop, the article argues that the dispute settlement organs should carefully delimit the scope of the Chapeau conditions and adhere to a good faith-centred interpretative approach.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Article XX GATT, Chapeau, Good Faith, npr-PPMs, Deforestation, Carbon Border Measures, CBAM, EU - Palm Oil
    School: Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Business and Law > Birkbeck Law School
    Depositing User: Giulia Claudia Leonelli
    Date Deposited: 27 Apr 2023 11:52
    Last Modified: 02 Aug 2023 18:20
    URI: https://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/51119

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