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    A three-body problem: the effects of foreign language anxiety, enjoyment, and boredom on academic achievement

    Dewaele, Jean-Marc and Botes, E. and Meftah, Rachid (2023) A three-body problem: the effects of foreign language anxiety, enjoyment, and boredom on academic achievement. Annual Review of Applied Linguistics , ISSN 0267-1905.

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    This study is part of a growing wave of interest in foreign language learners’ emotions, their sources, and their effects. Previous studies have confirmed that there is a clear relationship between the emotions of Foreign Language Enjoyment (FLE), Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety (FLCA), Foreign Language Boredom (FLB), and FL performance. However, the relative importance of each emotion as a predictor of FL performance has yet to be examined, and as different teaching and learning strategies can elicit different emotions, it is difficult to determine whether FL teachers and learners should prioritize a specific emotion in course design and study. We, therefore, utilized structural equation modeling and latent dominance analysis on a sample of 502 Moroccan EFL learners in order to examine the relative importance of each emotion in predicting FL performance. We argue that it is crucial to use sophisticated statistical analyses and to collect samples from outside Western, educated, industrialized, rich, and democratic (WEIRD) countries. The latent dominance analysis revealed that FLCA had the strongest (negative) effect on English test scores. FLB had a significant -but slightly weaker- negative effect and FLE had a significant -but weaker still- positive effect. As such, it is vital that FL teachers and learners not underestimate the impact of anxiety on language learning.


    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): foreign language enjoyment, foreign language classroom anxiety, foreign language boredom, foreign language academic achievement, latent dominance analysis
    School: Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > School of Creative Arts, Culture and Communication
    Depositing User: Jean-Marc Dewaele
    Date Deposited: 08 Jun 2023 14:58
    Last Modified: 09 Aug 2023 12:54


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