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    Humane orientation, work–family conflict, and positive spillover across cultures

    Beham, B. and Ollier-Malaterre, A. and Allen, T. and Baierl, A. and Alexandrova, M. and Artiawati, A. and Beauregard, T. Alexandra and Carvalho, V.S. and Chambel, M.J. and Cho, E. and Coden da Silva, B. and Dawkins, S. and Escribano, P. and Gudeta, K.H. and Huang, T.-p. and Jaga, A. and Kost, D. and Kurowska, A. and Leon, E. and Lewis, S. and Lu, C.-q. and Martin, A. and Morandin, G. and Noboa, F. and Offer, S. and Ohu, E. and Peters, P. and Rajadhyaksha, U. and Russo, M. and Sohn, Y.W. and Straub, C. and Tammelin, M. and Triki, L. and van Engen, M. and Waismel-Manor, R. (2023) Humane orientation, work–family conflict, and positive spillover across cultures. Journal of Applied Psychology , ISSN 0021-9010.

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    Abstract

    Although cross-national work–family research has made great strides in recent decades, knowledge accumulation on the impact of culture on the work–family interface has been hampered by a limited geographical and cultural scope that has excluded countries where cultural expectations regarding work, family, and support may differ. We advance this literature by investigating work–family relationships in a broad range of cultures, including understudied regions of the world (i.e., Sub-Saharan Africa, Southern Asia). We focus on humane orientation (HO), an overlooked cultural dimension that is however central to the study of social support and higher in those regions. We explore its moderating effect on relationships between work and family social support, work–family conflict, and work–family positive spillover. Building on the congruence and compensation perspectives of fit theory, we test alternative hypotheses on a sample of 10,307 participants from 30 countries/territories. We find HO has mostly a compensatory role in the relationships between workplace support and work-to-family conflict. Specifically, supervisor and coworker supports were most strongly and negatively related to conflict in cultures in which support is most needed (i.e., lower HO cultures). Regarding positive spillover, HO has mostly an amplifying role. Coworker (but not supervisor) support was most strongly and positively related to work-to-family positive spillover in higher HO cultures, where providing social support at work is consistent with the societal practice of providing support to one another. Likewise, instrumental (but not emotional) family support was most strongly and positively related to family-to-work positive spillover in higher HO cultures.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): humane orientation, work–family conflict, work–family positive spillover, social support, culture
    School: Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Business and Law > Birkbeck Business School
    Depositing User: Alexandra Beauregard
    Date Deposited: 14 Jun 2023 15:22
    Last Modified: 02 Aug 2023 18:21
    URI: https://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/51391

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