BIROn - Birkbeck Institutional Research Online

    Climate and anthropogenic impacts on North American erosion and sediment transport since the Last Glacial Maximum: evidence from the detrital zircon record of the Lower Mississippi Valley, USA

    Neubeck, N. and Carter, Andrew and Rittenour, T. and Clift, P.D. (2023) Climate and anthropogenic impacts on North American erosion and sediment transport since the Last Glacial Maximum: evidence from the detrital zircon record of the Lower Mississippi Valley, USA. GSA Bulletin 135 (9-10), pp. 2648-2663. ISSN 0016-7606.

    [img]
    Preview
    Text
    Neubeck.pdf - Author's Accepted Manuscript
    Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

    Download (1MB) | Preview

    Abstract

    The Mississippi River provides an opportunity to examine models of sediment transport in large alluviated floodplain systems. We test the idea that sources of sandy sediment in such settings are invariable on timescales <104 y because of storage and recycling in the floodplains. To reconstruct the development of the Mississippi sediment load over the past 2500 years we collected sediment from an abandoned point bar complex nearby at False River, Louisiana, USA. We also took annual samples from the lower reaches between 2015 and 2021 to assess changes on that timescale. Optically stimulated luminescence dating indicated that the point bar accreted between 2460 and 860 years ago. Detrital zircon U-Pb dating was used to assess sediment source and variability over time. We confirm a dominant sediment flux from the Rocky Mountain foreland but with higher relative erosion from the Superior Province during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) based on existing data from the Gulf of Mexico. There have been resolvable changes in the sources of sediment particularly since the LGM and after 860 years ago, but also over shorter, even sub-annual timescales in the recent past. These changes may reflect seasonal weather or storm events in the headwater regions and imply limited floodplain buffering of the sand load. In recent times this may reflect the installation of levees in the lower reaches, suppressing reworking. Changes over 102–103 y time periods may be related to changes in climate (e.g., the Medieval and Roman warm periods) and to the development of agriculture across North America after ~2000 years ago. Detrital zircon dating is an effective provenance tool and does not appear to be strongly biased by the grain size of the sediment in this setting.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    School: Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Science > School of Natural Sciences
    Research Centres and Institutes: Earth and Planetary Sciences, Institute of
    Depositing User: Andy Carter
    Date Deposited: 22 Sep 2023 13:28
    Last Modified: 22 Sep 2023 15:37
    URI: https://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/52047

    Statistics

    Activity Overview
    6 month trend
    42Downloads
    6 month trend
    48Hits

    Additional statistics are available via IRStats2.

    Archive Staff Only (login required)

    Edit/View Item Edit/View Item