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    RIBFIND2: identifying rigid bodies in protein and nucleic acid structures

    Malhotra, Sony and Mulvaney, T. and Cragnolini, Tristan and Sidhu, Haneesh and Joseph, A.P. and Beton, J.G. and Topf, Maya (2023) RIBFIND2: identifying rigid bodies in protein and nucleic acid structures. Nucleic Acids Research 51 (18), pp. 9567-9575. ISSN 0305-1048.

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    Molecular structures are often fitted into cryo-EM maps by flexible fitting. When this requires large conformational changes, identifying rigid bodies can help optimize the model-map fit. Tools for identifying rigid bodies in protein structures exist, however an equivalent for nucleic acid structures is lacking. With the increase in cryo-EM maps containing RNA and progress in RNA structure prediction, there is a need for such tools. We previously developed RIBFIND, a program for clustering protein secondary structures into rigid bodies. In RIBFIND2, this approach is extended to nucleic acid structures. RIBFIND2 can identify biologically relevant rigid bodies in important groups of complex RNA structures, capturing a wide range of dynamics, including large rigid-body movements. The usefulness of RIBFIND2-assigned rigid bodies in cryo-EM model refinement was demonstrated on three examples, with two conformations each: Group II Intron complexed IEP, Internal Ribosome Entry Site and the Processome, using cryo-EM maps at 2.7–5 Å resolution. A hierarchical refinement approach, performed on progressively smaller sets of RIBFIND2 rigid bodies, was clearly shown to have an advantage over classical all-atom refinement. RIBFIND2 is available via a web server with structure visualization and as a standalone tool.


    Item Type: Article
    School: Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Science > School of Natural Sciences
    Research Centres and Institutes: Structural Molecular Biology, Institute of (ISMB)
    Depositing User: Tristan Cragnolini
    Date Deposited: 19 Feb 2024 17:16
    Last Modified: 19 Feb 2024 18:51


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