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    A second extinct big cat from the late quaternary of Sri Lanka

    Manamendra-Arachchi, K. and Pethiyagoda, R. and Dissanayake, Rajith and Meegaskumbura, M. (2005) A second extinct big cat from the late quaternary of Sri Lanka. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology (S12), pp. 423-434. ISSN 0217-2445.

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    A second extinct big cat, tentatively considered to be a tiger (Panthera tigris), is recorded from Sri Lanka for the first time from a fossil left lower carnassial found in alluvium near Ratnapura in 1962 and a sub-fossil right middle phalanx 14C dated to ~ 16,500 ybp, discovered in 1982 in a prehistoric midden at Batadomba Cave, near Kuruwita. The species is diagnosed from the only other big cats known from Sri Lanka, Panthera pardus and the extinct P. leo sinhaleyus Deraniyagala, 1938. This record significantly advances the timing of dispersal of tigers into the Indian peninsula. Tigers appear to have arrived in Sri Lanka during a pluvial period during which sea levels were depressed, evidently prior to the last glacial maximum ca. 20,000 years ago. The lion appears to have become extinct in Sri Lanka prior to the arrival of culturally modern humans, ca. 37,000 ybp.


    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Zoology, Palaeontology
    School: Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Science > School of Natural Sciences
    Depositing User: Rajith Dissanayake
    Date Deposited: 11 Mar 2024 16:29
    Last Modified: 12 Mar 2024 07:24


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