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    Biodiversity responses to Lateglacial climate change in the subdecadally-resolved record of Lake Hämelsee (Germany)

    Engels, Stefan and Lane, C.S. and Hoek, W.Z. and Baneschi, I. and Bouwman, A. and Brogan, E. and Bronk Ramsey, C. and Collins, J. and de Bruijn, R. and Haliuc, A. and Heiri, O. and Hubay, K. and Jones, G. and Jones, V. and Laug, A. and Merkt, J. and Muschitiello, F. and Müller, M. and Peters, T. and Peterse, F. and Pueschel, A. and Staff, R.A. and ter Schure, A. and Turner, F. and van den Bos, V. and Wagner-Cremer, F. (2024) Biodiversity responses to Lateglacial climate change in the subdecadally-resolved record of Lake Hämelsee (Germany). Quaternary Science Reviews 331 (108634), ISSN 0277-3791.

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    Abstract

    Anthropogenically-driven climate warming and land use change are the main causes of an ongoing decrease in global biodiversity. It is unclear how ecosystems, particularly freshwater habitats, will respond to such continuous and potentially intensifying disruptions. Here we analyse how different components of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems responded to natural climate change during the Lateglacial. By applying a range of analytical techniques (sedimentology, palaeoecology, geochemistry) to the well-dated sediment archive from Lake Hämelsee (Germany), we show evidence for vegetation development, landscape dynamics and aquatic ecosystem change typical for northwest Europe during the Lateglacial. By particularly focussing on periods of abrupt climate change, we determine the timing and duration of changes in biodiversity in response to external forcing. We show that onsets of changes in biodiversity indicators (e.g. diatom composition, Pediastrum concentrations) lag changes in environmental records (e.g. loss-on-ignition) by a few decades, particularly at the Allerød/ Younger Dryas transition. Most biodiversity indicators showed transition times of 10–50 years, whereas environmental records typically showed a 50–100 year long transition. In some cases, transition times observed for the compositional turnover or productivity records were up to 185 years, which could have been the result of the combined effects of direct (e.g. climate) and indirect (e.g. lake stratification) drivers of ecosystem change. Our results show differences in timing and duration of biodiversity responses to external disturbances, suggesting that a multi-decadal view needs to be taken when designing effective conservation management of freshwater ecosystems under current global warming.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    School: Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences
    Depositing User: Stefan Engels
    Date Deposited: 23 Apr 2024 13:45
    Last Modified: 24 Apr 2024 10:41
    URI: https://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/53406

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