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    PG-Schema: schemas for property graphs

    Angles, R. and Bonifati, A. and Dumbrava, S. and Fletcher, G. and Green, A. and Hidders, Jan and Li, B. and Libkin, L. and Marsault, V. and Martens, W. and Murlak, F. and Plantikow, S. and Savkovic, O. and Schmidt, M. and Sequeda, J. and Staworko, S. and Tomaszuk, D. and Voigt, H. and Vrgoc, D. and Wu, M. and Zivkovic, D. (2023) PG-Schema: schemas for property graphs. Proceedings of the ACM on Management of Data 1 (2), 198:1-198:25. ISSN 2836-6573.

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    Property graphs have reached a high level of maturity, witnessed by multiple robust graph database systems as well as the ongoing ISO standardization effort aiming at creating a new standard Graph Query Language (GQL). Yet, despite documented demand, schema support is limited both in existing systems and in the first version of the GQL Standard. It is anticipated that the second version of the GQL Standard will include a rich DDL. Aiming to inspire the development of GQL and enhance the capabilities of graph database systems, we propose PG-Schema, a simple yet powerful formalism for specifying property graph schemas. It features PG-Schema with flexible type definitions supporting multi-inheritance, as well as expressive constraints based on the recently proposed PG-Keys formalism. We provide the formal syntax and semantics of PG-Schema, which meet principled design requirements grounded in contemporary property graph management scenarios, and offer a detailed comparison of its features with those of existing schema languages and graph database systems.


    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: Best Paper award in Industrial Track
    School: Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Science > School of Computing and Mathematical Sciences
    Research Centres and Institutes: Birkbeck Knowledge Lab
    Depositing User: Jan Hidders
    Date Deposited: 09 May 2024 12:54
    Last Modified: 09 May 2024 15:29


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