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    Conceptualizing racialized black political activity within European spaces: a political opportunities approach

    Ackah, William (2011) Conceptualizing racialized black political activity within European spaces: a political opportunities approach. African and Black Diaspora: An International Journal 4 (2), pp. 161-176. ISSN I752-8631.

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    African presence in Europe can be traced back to Roman times, yet African peoples within European spaces are continually perceived and often treated as new migrants with no sense of an historical attachment to European soil. This paper seeks to understand and challenge this conception of black migrants to Europe by focusing on the community and political activities of black subjects in European spaces. Using Britain as a primary reference point, the paper argues that the unfolding nature of black political activity in European spaces emerges as a result of dynamic interactions between black protagonists and the state. The nature of these interactions it is argued are racialized in character and that black community organizations and individuals play a crucial role in determining the forms and nature of political activity and outcomes that operate under the guise of minority ethnic mobilization. This paper argues a point that is often overlooked in the literature that focuses on African and other immigrants to Europe as recent migrants with problems. The paper uses a refined political opportunities approach and focuses on state practices and black community organizational practices between the First and Second World Wars to outline the varied nature of black community and political activity in an era of state antagonism towards black populations at home and abroad. The paper argues that context, state power and action, and the activities and ideas of black community organizations interact in dynamic ways to account for the changing nature of black political activity in European spaces.


    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): political opportunities, racialized, black community organizations, state, black political activity
    School: School of Social Sciences, History and Philosophy > Department of Geography
    Depositing User: Sarah Hall
    Date Deposited: 11 Apr 2013 08:53
    Last Modified: 17 Apr 2013 12:29


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