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    Accessing economic and social rights under neoliberalism: gender and rights in Chile

    Gideon, Jasmine (2006) Accessing economic and social rights under neoliberalism: gender and rights in Chile. Third World Quarterly 27 (7), pp. 1269-1283. ISSN 0143-6597.

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    Abstract

    There is now a general consensus regarding the importance of social and economic rights within development and, recently, the language of women's human rights has been adopted by organisations that focus on gender and development and draw mainly upon economic and social analysis. Despite some limitations from a gender perspective, human rights instruments such as the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (icescr) can offer an important focus for such groups to claim these rights. Nevertheless, the challenge of upholding treaty obligations and guaranteeing rights to all citizens remains, particularly within the context of the neoliberal reforms that have been widely implemented in both the North and the South. Drawing on the case of Chile, this paper will consider how access to certain rights, including the rights to social security and health, can be made more difficult for some women and men as a consequence of processes following trade liberalisation and health sector reforms. An analysis of power relations is central to understanding the failure of states to guarantee an enabling environment for women's enjoyment of their social and economic rights, as many women remain excluded from decision-making processes within policy arenas.

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