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    Exemplar similarity and rule application

    Hahn, Ulrike and Prat-Sala, M. and Pothos, E.M. and Brumby, D.P. (2010) Exemplar similarity and rule application. Cognition 114 (1), pp. 1-18. ISSN 0010-0277.

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    We report four experiments examining effects of instance similarity on the application of simple explicit rules. We found effects of similarity to illustrative exemplars in error patterns and reaction times. These effects arose even though participants were given perfectly predictive rules, the similarity manipulation depended entirely on rule-irrelevant features, and attention to exemplar similarity was detrimental to task performance. Comparison of results across studies suggests that the effects are mandatory, non-strategic and not subject to conscious control, and as a result, should be pervasive throughout categorization.


    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Rules, Exemplars, Attention
    School: Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Science > School of Psychological Sciences
    Research Centres and Institutes: Birkbeck Knowledge Lab
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 09 May 2013 10:37
    Last Modified: 02 Aug 2023 17:03


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