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    Contested staring: issues and the use of mutual gaze as an on-line measure of social presence

    Dalzel-Job, S. and Oberlander, J. and Smith, Tim J. (2011) Contested staring: issues and the use of mutual gaze as an on-line measure of social presence. In: UNSPECIFIED (ed.) International Society for Presence Research Annual Conference – ISPR 2011. International Society for Presence Research. ISBN 9780979221743.

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    Despite many of the current social presence measures relying heavily on subjective post-test questionnaires, some researchers have identified the value of using on-line, behavioural measures. Gaze, and specifically mutual gaze, is known to be related to social perceptions of an interlocutor, as well as facilitating task performance during an interaction [1, 2, 17]. Second Life allows for the investigation of task- based interaction in a highly controllable social environment, whilst simultaneously allowing measurement of eye movements (using a head-mounted eye-tracker). A paradigm for measuring eye movements of a user during interaction with an avatar or agent is presented. The potential for using this paradigm to investigate the use of mutual gaze as an on- line measure of social presence is discussed.


    Item Type: Book Section
    Additional Information: October 26 – 28, 2011 Edinburgh, Scotland
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): eye movements, mutual gaze, social presence, Second Life
    School: Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Science > School of Psychological Sciences
    Research Centres and Institutes: Moving Image, Birkbeck Institute for the (BIMI), Brain and Cognitive Development, Centre for (CBCD)
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 10 May 2013 08:57
    Last Modified: 02 Aug 2023 17:03


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