BIROn - Birkbeck Institutional Research Online

    Civic biology and the origin of the school antievolution movement

    Shapiro, Adam R. (2008) Civic biology and the origin of the school antievolution movement. Journal of the History of Biology 41 (3), pp. 409-433. ISSN 0022-5010.

    Full text not available from this repository.

    Abstract

    In discussing the origins of the antievolution movement in American high schools within the framework of science and religion, much is overlooked about the influence of educational trends in shaping this phenomenon. This was especially true in the years before the 1925 Scopes trial, the beginnings of the school antievolution movement. There was no sudden realization in the 1920’s – sixty years after the Origin of Species was published – that Darwinism conflicted with the Bible, but until evolution was being taught in the high schools, there was no impetus to outlaw it. The creation of “civic biology” curricula in the late 1910’s and early 20’s, spearheaded by a close-knit community of textbook authors, brought evolution into the high school classroom as part of a complete reshaping of “biology” as a school subject. It also incorporated progressive ideologies about the purposes of compulsory public education in shaping society, and civic biology was fundamentally focused on the applications of the life sciences to human life. Antievolution legislation was part of a broader response to the ideologies of the new biology field, and was a reaction not only to the content of the new subject, but to the increasingly centralized control and regulation of education. Viewing the early school antievolution movement through the science-religion conflict is an artifact of the Scopes trial’s re-creation of its origins. What largely caused support for␣the school antievolution movement in the South and particularly Tennessee were concerns over public education, which biology came to epitomize.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): American Book Company, antievolution, biology education, biology textbooks, Benjamin C. Gruenberg, civic biology, George W. Hunter, science and religion, Scopes trial
    School: School of Social Sciences, History and Philosophy > History, Classics and Archaeology
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 22 May 2013 10:24
    Last Modified: 22 May 2013 10:24
    URI: https://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/6960

    Statistics

    Downloads
    Activity Overview
    0Downloads
    143Hits

    Additional statistics are available via IRStats2.

    Archive Staff Only (login required)

    Edit/View Item Edit/View Item