BIROn - Birkbeck Institutional Research Online

    Short form of the changes in outlook questionnaire: translation and validation of the Chinese version

    Zang, Y. and Hunt, N. and Cox, Tom and Joseph, S. (2012) Short form of the changes in outlook questionnaire: translation and validation of the Chinese version. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes 10 (1), p. 41. ISSN 1477-7525.

    7221.pdf - Published Version of Record
    Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

    Download (350kB) | Preview


    Background: The Changes in Outlook Questionnaire (CiOQ) is a self-report instrument designed to measure both positive and negative changes following the experience of severely stressful events. Previous research has focused on the Western context. The aim of this study is to translate the short form of the measure (CiOQ-S) into simplified Chinese and examine its validity and reliability in a sample of Chinese earthquake survivors. Method: The English language version of the 10-item CiOQ was translated into simplified Chinese and completed along with other measures in a sample of earthquake survivors (n = 120). Statistical analyses were performed to explore the structure of the simplified Chinese version of CiOQ-S (CiOQ-SCS), its reliability and validity. Results: Principal components analysis (PCA) was conducted to test the structure of the CiOQ-SCS. The reliability and convergent validity were also assessed. The CiOQ-SCS demonstrated a similar factor structure to the English version, high internal consistency and convergent validity with measures of posttraumatic stress symptoms, anxiety and depression, coping and social support. Conclusion: The data are comparable to those reported for the original version of the instrument indicating that the CiOQ-SCS is a reliable and valid measure assessing positive and negative changes in the aftermath of adversity. However, the sampling method cannot permit us to know how representative our samples were of the earthquake survivor population.


    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Positive changes following adversity, Posttraumatic growth, Psychometric assessment
    School: School of Business, Economics & Informatics > Organizational Psychology
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 05 Jun 2013 08:18
    Last Modified: 10 Jun 2021 08:29


    Activity Overview
    6 month trend
    6 month trend

    Additional statistics are available via IRStats2.

    Archive Staff Only (login required)

    Edit/View Item Edit/View Item