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    Jean-Martin Charcot’s role in the 19th century study of music aphasia

    Johnson, J.K. and Lorch, Marjorie and Nicolas, S. and Grazino, A. (2013) Jean-Martin Charcot’s role in the 19th century study of music aphasia. Brain 136 (5), pp. 1662-1670. ISSN 0006-8950.

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    Abstract

    Jean-Martin Charcot (1825–93) was a well-known French neurologist. Although he is widely recognized for his discovery of several neurological disorders and his research into aphasia, Charcot’s ideas about how the brain processes music are less well known. Charcot discussed the music abilities of several patients in the context of his ‘Friday Lessons’ on aphasia, which took place at the Salpêtrière Hospital in Paris in 1883–84. In his most comprehensive discussion about music, Charcot described a professional trombone player who developed difficulty copying music notation and playing his instrument, thereby identifying a new isolated syndrome of music agraphia without aphasia. Because the description of this case was published only in Italian by one of his students, Domenico Miliotti, there has been considerable confusion and under-acknowledgement of Charcot’s ideas about music and the brain. In this paper, we describe Charcot’s ideas regarding music and place them within the historical context of the growing interest in the neurological underpinnings of music abilities that took place in the 1880s.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication following peer review. The version of record is available online at the link above.
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): amusia, music agraphia, Charcot, aphasia, Miliotti
    School: School of Social Sciences, History and Philosophy > Applied Linguistics and Communication
    Depositing User: Marjorie Lorch
    Date Deposited: 21 Jun 2013 09:23
    Last Modified: 09 Feb 2021 19:28
    URI: https://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/7518

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